What is Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of Things is one of the fastest-growing areas of the internet. Fit-Bit allows you to track your vitals while running. Scanning QR codes with your phone to make bank account payments? You name it, and the Internet of Things (IoT) is there to help.

In simple terms, the Internet of Things (IoT) is the ability to connect things to the internet and manage or monitor activity in any environment, regardless of your location. Jobs in the Internet of Things is expected to sell like hotcakes soon, thanks to the development of 5G.

In this article, we shall discuss what is IoT, how it works? application, career ahead  and much more




What is IoT?

The internet of things, or IoT, is a network of interconnected computing devices, mechanical and digital equipment with objects, animals, and people with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

The Internet of Things, or "IoT," is a concept that involves expanding the internet's capabilities beyond computers and smartphones to a variety of different objects, processes, and environments. Everything you need to know is right here.

This shift has an impact on everything from how we maintain and operate our homes to the automation of procedures in practically every industry.


How IoT Works

An IoT ecosystem is made up of web-enabled smart devices that gather, send, and act on data from their surroundings using embedded systems such as CPUs, sensors, and communication hardware. IoT devices link to an IoT gateway or other edge device to share sensor data, which is either routed to the cloud for analysis or analysed locally. These gadgets may occasionally communicate with one another and act on the information they receive. Although individuals can engage with the devices to set them up, give them instructions, or retrieve data, the gadgets do most of the work without human participation.

The connectivity, networking and communication protocols used with these web-enabled devices largely depend on the specific IoT applications deployed.

Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning can also be used by IoT to make data collection processes easier and more dynamic.


Top 5 Big Trends in IoT


1. Smart City

The concept of a "smart city" has gained traction in recent years, with IoT technology being used to track traffic on highways, public transportation usage, footfall in pedestrianised districts, and use of civic facilities like recycling centres and trash collection. Smart metres track how much energy is used in homes and businesses, allowing supply to be balanced to meet peak demand while avoiding waste where it isn't needed.

We should expect a significant increase in resources going towards developing digital capabilities inside municipal governments in the coming year, allowing them to better utilise new technologies as they become available. When it comes to dealing with the issues of a changing society, this will be critical. With safety concerns surrounding public transportation, city-centre offices, and recreational facilities such as leisure centres and parks, IoT technology will enable authorities and businesses to better understand patterns of usage and plan safety measures and emergency response strategies more efficiently.


2. Connected homes

A completely linked residential environment that offers individuals unrivalled levels of control and comfort. Sensors, devices, appliances, and the entire areas in your home collect data on how you use them on a continuous basis. They use advanced algorithms to learn about your habits and determine consumption patterns. This information can then be used to tailor your experience down to the last detail.

Smart systems, moreover, provide you with a previously inaccessible perspective of how things work in your home. Data is collected, processed, and valuable insights are displayed on your app's dashboards by connected devices. Thus, you can monitor how much electricity each device uses, calculate spending on utilities in real-time, track humidity and other air quality conditions in your space, etc.


3. Wearables are everywhere and continuing to evolve monitoring our health

One of the best opportunities that wearables provide is the ability to measure and track your fitness.

Wearables are continuing to evolve so they can provide better information and help improve health care. It will also be used to minimize unnecessarily contact in situations where the risk of viral contamination is particularly high, for example, care homes and infectious disease wards within hospitals.

They have also expanded in different ways to include things like smartwatches and other similar technology. Adapting to the challenges posed by Covid-19, this same technology can be used to determine if there is a rapid deterioration in the health of people who may be shielding or isolating at home, as the disease can often put people in a state where they are unable to seek help by themselves, in a matter of hours


4. The Internet of Things in the workplace or WFH (Work from Home)

The Internet of Things is how the physical world and digital world are united. It includes all the information, data, and intelligence that is transmitted from these devices. This information can be used to understand how a business is performing internally and externally.

As technology progresses, we will see how it will have an impact on our everyday lives. For businesses to capitalize on this technological shift, they need to work towards becoming IoT-ready.

The Internet of Things is a concept that is gradually being developed as we speak. The idea is that everything and anything will be connected by sensors and networks in the future which will allow for real-time data gathering, analysis, storage and sharing with stakeholders on any device at any time.

Due to safety concerns about big crowds of people congregating in offices and city centres, many of us in the information economy is now working from home. We should expect more programmes geared to help us organise our day while working remotely as AI-powered personal assistants like Alexa has become increasingly common in our homes. This will entail better quality, more interactive video conferencing and virtual meeting technology, as well as more intelligent automatic scheduling and calendar applications.


5. Intelligent transportation systems

Intelligent transportation systems are not just a 2020 dream. They are already implemented in many parts of the world and are improving travel, safety, and carpooling.



In May 2018, Bloomberg reported that the United States Department of Transportation is conducting late-stage tests for an intelligent transportation system called 5G-V2X communications. Through this system, cars communicate with other cars and with traffic signals to keep traffic flowing smoothly.

An intelligent transportation system won't just create a safer environment on the roads for drivers and pedestrians; it will also help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by decreasing the number of cars on the road.

Internet of Things in marketing also allows marketers to deliver highly relevant and personalised messages to customers, for example, through digital signs in physical locations such as stores or digital engagements via smartphones or other devices.


IoT Career opportunity


1.      Data analytics

2.    Network and the Networking Structure

3.    Security

4.    Hardware and Devices

5.    User Interface

6.    Sensors and Actuator Professional

7.    Embedded Programs Engineer

8.    Artificial Intelligence


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